The Uffizi Gallery is one of the most famous museums in the world given the rich amount of unique artworks and masterpieces conserved within its walls, the majority from the Renaissance period. Located in the heart of Florence, the Uffizi Gallery hosts works of art by great Italian artists such as Botticelli, Giotto, Cimabue, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci and Raffaello, just to name a few of the most famous. Its large collection has works from all centuries but a large part dates back to the periods between the 12th and 17th centuries.
The Accademia Gallery is, together with the Uffizi, one of the most visited museums in Florence. The most famous and interesting works of art housed within the Accademia Gallery are without a doubt those created by the genius Michelangelo. The imposing marble statue of David, over 4 meters tall, the work of art that attracts the most attention within the Accademia. Created by Michelangelo in 1504, the statue was originally placed right outside of Palazzo Vecchio in Piazza Signoria. Exposed to the weather and to acts of vandalism through the centuries, the David was finally transferred to the Accademia in 1873 to guarantee its conservation.
The imposing Palazzo Vecchio overlooking the marvelous Piazza della Signoria is one of the most famous symbols of Florence. Built in the early 1300s, the palace has always been the seat of the local city government. It has been modified and enlarged throughout the centuries, especially during the time that the Medici family ruled over the city. Cosimo I de’ Medici asked his favorite architect Giorgio Vasari to enlarge the palace in the middle of the 1500s, and it was at the this time that the palace became known as the “old palace”.
The Palatine Gallery, the Royal Apartments and the Gallery of Modern Art are all within the magnificent Palazzo Pitti and can be visited with the same ticket. Located on the left wing of the Palazzo, the Palatine Gallery includes wonderful works of art by Raphael, Titian and many Italian and foreign maestros of the Renaissance and 16th century. The Royal Apartments occupy the right wing of the Palazzo Pitti and were the private residence for several ruling families in Florence, including Vittorio Emanuele II during the time that Florence was capital of Italy (1865-1871). The apartments are characterized by sumptuous furnishings and works of art from the 16th through 19th centuries. The Modern Art Gallery is located on the second floor of the Palazzo Pitti. The museum houses splendid works of art of mostly Italian artists from the end of the 18th century to the beginning of the 20th century. Among the masterpieces that are admired the most are those belonging to the “macchiaioli”, the Italian artistic movement that reflects many of the French Impressionists characteristics. Many of the works are masterpieces by Giovanni Fattori, one of the main members of the movement.